United States Government Accountability Office: “Open innovation involves using various tools and approaches to harness the ideas, expertise, and resources of those outside an organization to address an issue or achieve specific goals. GAO found that federal agencies have frequently used five open innovation strategies to collaborate with citizens and external stakeholders, and encourage their participation in agency initiatives.
GAO identified seven practices that agencies can use to effectively implement initiatives that involve the use of these strategies:
- Select the strategy appropriate for the purpose of engaging the public and the agency’s capabilities.
- Clearly define specific goals and performance measures for the initiative.
- Identify and engage external stakeholders and potential partners.
- Develop plans for implementing the initiative and recruiting participants.
- Engage participants and partners while implementing the initiative.
- Collect and assess relevant data and report results.
- Sustain communities of interested partners and participants.
Aspects of these practices are illustrated by the 15 open innovation initiatives GAO reviewed at six selected agencies: the Departments of Energy, Health and Human Services, Housing and Urban Development, and Transportation (DOT); the Environmental Protection Agency; and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).
• With the Asteroid Data Hunter challenge, NASA used a challenge and citizen science effort, beginning in 2014, to improve the accuracy of its asteroid detection program and develop an application for citizen scientists.
• Since 2009, DOT’s Federal Highway Administration has used an ideation initiative called Every Day Counts to identify innovations to improve highway project delivery. Teams of federal, state, local, and industry experts then implement the ideas chosen through this process….(More)”